Carlos Nieper Stabstrompeter Philip (1890)

When trying to determine the rank of a German soldier of the years between the founding of the Second Reich (1871) and the downfall of the Third (1945), the first thing to do is look at his jacket. If the collar of that garment is edged in material of a distinctive color, there is a very good chance that the soldier in question is a non-commissioned officer [Unteroffizier] of some sort. That is, when the German word for his rank is translated into English, the result will, in all likelihood, include the word ‘sergeant’.

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